By Allison Graves, PolitiFact Staff Writer
President Donald Trump’s White House offered dubious explanations on the Sunday shows to defend Trump’s Twitter accusation that former President Barack Obama wiretapped phones at Trump Tower before the 2016 election.
The president, a spokeswoman said on ABC’s This Week, didn’t come up with the storyline out of thin air. He was echoing reports from "multiple news outlets."
"Everybody acts like President Trump is the one that came up with this idea and just threw it out there," said deputy press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders on March 5. "There are multiple news outlets that have reported this."
At one point in the segment, Sanders specifically named The New York Times and BBC as news outlets that had supposedly covered the wiretapping allegations. Show host Martha Raddatz pushed back and said Trump started this issue with his specific tweet.
Sanders repeated her point: "I hardly say he started this when there were multiple news reports prior to that."
If the basis of Trump's comment is media reports, he doesn't have a case. We rated her statement False.
A White House spokesperson sent PolitiFact five articles from the BBC, HeatStreet, The New York Times, the National Review and a transcript from Fox News’ Special Report with Bret Baier as evidence of Sanders’ claim.
Before we get into those, it’s worth noting that many news outlets have suggested Trump’s remark was inspired by a Friday post on Breitbart News. The post was not included by Trump’s team as backup, but the Breitbart article links to some of the other reports.
The Breitbart article followed up on comments by Mark Levin on a Thursday segment of his conservative radio show. During the show, Levin claimed Obama’s administration used "police state" tactics in the fall to watch over Trump’s team.
Trump sent his tweet early Saturday. As of Sunday, he had still not provided evidence.
"How low has President Obama gone to tapp my phones during the very sacred election process. This is Nixon/Watergate. Bad (or sick) guy!" Trump wrote.
The Breitbart article recapped 10 news events of the 2016 campaign that laid the foundation for Obama’s administration to "eavesdrop on the Trump campaign." Among the events included as an example is the Wikileaks release of emails from Hillary Clinton campaign chairman John Podesta, which the Clinton campaign used to blame "Trump and the Russians.
The Breitbart article also mentions two requests under the the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), which grants a court the authority to grant (or deny) warrants for electronic surveillance. The reporting about FISA requests is taken from a Nov. 7, 2016, report from the conservative-leaning website called HeatStreet. HeatStreet published an article, it said, based on two unnamed sources.
"The FBI sought, and was granted, a FISA court warrant in October, giving counterintelligence permission to examine the activities of ‘U.S. persons’ in Donald Trump’s campaign with ties to Russia," reads a line from the HeatStreet piece.
The story says the FISA warrant was in relation to an investigation to the "Trump campaign, and its alleged links to two banks; SVB Bank and Russia’s Alfa Bank."
Other reports about the FISA requests come from the BBC and the Guardian. (The White House did not send the Guardian over as evidence.) Importantly, these sources do not back up Trump’s accusation that Obama himself ordered the wiretap as part of political sabotage.
On Jan. 12, the BBC reported that lawyers from the National Security Division in the Department of Justice filed applications to the court that handles intelligence matters related to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
"A lawyer — outside the Department of Justice but familiar with the case — told me that three of Trump's associates were the subject of the inquiry," wrote Paul Wood, a British journalist who wrote the article in first person. The article did not say anything about Trump Tower.
Six months earlier, the Guardian reported that the FBI applied for a warrant to monitor members of Trump’s team and their interactions with Russia from the FISA court in June. The story was light on the details. It said the June application was turned down by the court, and briefly mentioned a report that the FBI was granted a warrant in October, but that has yet to be confirmed.
Trump’s team also sent over two articles from The New York Times. These articles are about intelligence probes related to Trump associates and Russian officials.
The first article, published on Jan. 12, reported that "American law enforcement and intelligence agencies were examining communications and financial transactions as part of a broad investigation into possible links between Russian officials and associates of then- President-elect Trump."
At one point, the article indicates that intelligence reports stemming from the intercepts were given to Obama’s administration.
"One official said intelligence reports based on some of the wiretapped communications had been provided to the White House," it reads.
The other article from Jan. 12 is about the Obama’s administration expanding the powers of the National Security Agency through new rules that relaxed limits on "collecting satellite transmissions, phone calls and emails that cross network switches abroad, and messages between people abroad that cross domestic network switches."
Trump’s team also cited an article from the National Review as well as a March 3 Fox News interview between host Bret Baier and House Speaker Paul Ryan. The National Review article repeats the same information from HeatStreet. Baier asked Ryan about the report on FISA requests, which Ryan said he had not heard about. To be clear, that isn’t an example of Fox independently confirming the HeatStreet report.
It’s worth noting that Obama's director of National Intelligence, James Clapper, said on NBC’s ‘Meet the Press ‘he was not aware of any wiretaps that Trump alleged. And Obama, through a spokesman, has denied wiretapping Trump Tower. Obama officials have also said a president cannot unilaterally order a wiretap.